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Census Bureau Profile America Facts For Features: Hispanic Heritage Month 2016

Census Bureau Profile America Facts For Features: Hispanic Heritage Month 2016

In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week, observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. In 1989, Congress expanded the observance to a month-long celebration (Sept. 15-Oct. 15) of the culture and traditions of those who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean.

 

Photo – http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161006/428773-INFO

Sept. 15 was the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.

This graphic uses the 2014 Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs to take a look at Hispanic-owned businesses in commemoration of Hispanic Heritage Month. (PRNewsFoto/U.S. Census Bureau)

This graphic uses the 2014 Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs to take a look at Hispanic-owned businesses in commemoration of Hispanic Heritage Month. (PRNewsFoto/U.S. Census Bureau)

Population 56.6 million
The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2015, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 17.6 percent of the nation’s total population.

Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPASR6H?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72015

 

1.2 million
The number of Hispanics added to the nation’s population between July 1, 2014, and July 1, 2015. This number is nearly half of the approximately 2.5 million people added to the nation’s total population during this period.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPASR6H?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72015
2.2%
The percentage increase in the Hispanic population between 2014 and 2015.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPASR6H?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72015

 

119 million
The projected Hispanic population of the United States in 2060. According to this projection, the Hispanic population will constitute 28.6 percent of the nation’s population by that date.
Source: 2014 National Population Projections, Table 10
www.census.gov/population/projections/data/national/2014/summarytables.html

 

63.4%
The percentage of those of Hispanic or Latino origin in the United States who were of Mexican origin in 2015. Another 9.5 percent were Puerto Rican, 3.8 percent Salvadoran, 3.7 percent Cuban, 3.3 percent Dominican and 2.4 percent Guatemalan. The remainder were of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin.

Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table B03001
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/B03001

 

States and Counties

10.7 million
The estimated population for those of Hispanic origin in Texas as of July 1, 2015.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPASR6H/0400000US48?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72015

 

9
The number of states with a population of 1 million or more Hispanic residents in 2015 — Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York and Texas.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=PEP_2015_PEPSR6H&prodType=table

 

54.5%
The percentage of the Hispanic population in the United States that lived in California, Florida and Texas as of July 1, 2015.

Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPASR6H?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72015

 

15.2 million
The Hispanic population of California. This is the largest Hispanic population of any state.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPASR6H?slice=hisp~hisp!year~est72015

 

4.9 million
Los Angeles County had the largest Hispanic population of any county in 2015.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPSR6H/0500000US06037?slice=Hisp~hisp!Year~est72015

 

49,000
Harris County in Texas had the largest numeric increase of Hispanics from 2014 to 2015.
Source: Vintage 2015 Population Estimates
http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=PEP_2015_PEPSR6H&prodType=table

 

Families and Children

16.2 million
The number of Hispanic households in the United States in 2015.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Households, Table H-3
www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/households.html

 

47.7%
The percentage of Hispanic households that were married-couple households in 2015. Among all households in the United States, 48.2 percent were married-couple households.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table H-3
www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/households.html

 

57.6%
The percentage of Hispanic married-couple households that had children younger than age 18 present in 2015, whereas for all married-couple households it was 64.3 percent.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table H-3
www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/households.html

66.8%
The percentage of Hispanic parent/child family groups that included two parents in 2015, whereas for all parent/child family groups, it was 69.5 percent.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table FM-2
www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/families.html

 

46.0%
The percentage of Hispanic married couples with children under age 18 where both spouses were employed in 2014, whereas nationwide it was 59.7 percent.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements, Table FG-1
www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps2014FG.html

 

Spanish Language

40 million
The number of U.S. residents age 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2015. This is a 131.2 percent increase since 1990 when it was 17.3 million. Those who hablan español en casa constituted 13.3 percent of U.S. residents age 5 and older. More than half (59 percent of all Spanish speakers and 57.4 percent of Hispanic Spanish speakers) spoke English “very well.”
Source: 1990 Decennial Census
https://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/c2kbr-29.pdf
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table DP02
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/DP02
Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (Hispanic or Latino)
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table B16006
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/B16006
Language Spoken at Home
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table S1601
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/S1601

 

72.9%
The percentage of Hispanics age 5 and older who spoke Spanish at home in 2015.
Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table B16006
http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/B16006

 

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$45,150
The median income of Hispanic households in 2015.
Source: Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015, Table 1
www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/demo/p60-256.pdf

 

21.4%
The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2015.                                                                                  
Source: Income and Poverty in the United States: 2015, Table 3
www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/demo/p60-256.pdf

 

16.2%
The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2015.
Source: Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2015, Table 5
https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2016/demo/p60-257.pdf

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